Roman Period
The independence of the city came to an end in 164 B.C. when Rhodes became a Province of the Roman Empire. But even as late as the 1st century A.D. Rhodes preserved much of its splendour and developed into one of the greatest centres of learning, science and the arts.

Apart from the surviving written sources, the archaeological research which continues to this day gives us a clear idea of the level of civilization during this period.
`````